SITE MI-1 SAN AGUSTIN (N14825 E49950)
This site is located in the western outskirts of the Mizque town under the ruined constructions of the 17th century Augustine Monastery. Today the adobe walls and the soils are being used for adobe production. No domestic constructions nor tombs were noted in the profiles, except restricted charcoal and burned clays zones. This site lies 400 m north of the Mizque River.
SITE MI-2 SAMARA (N16200 E56300)
This site and the next are located on the low hills of the southeast corner of the valley amidst a dense spinous vegetation. The sites are only at 200 m from the lower alluvial plain suited for very productive agriculture. This site is much smaller that the next. Remains on surface consist of scattered stones and foundation walls. The density of pottery on surface is extremely low.
SITE MI-3 KINA KINA (N15150 E56600)
Kina Kina is located on the top of a long hill about 750 m south of Samara. The evidence of constructions is dramatically denser than at this latter site. A high density of foundation walls of individual rectangular and circular structures are found on the complete area of the site. The structures are not nucleated sharing common walls. Wide boundary walls (1-1.5 m) enclose the site at the southeast end of the long and narrow hill on which the site is built. The density of sherds is extremely low.
SITE MI-4 MERUVIA (N18900 E52000)
This site is located on the southern bank of the Callejas River on the second platform of the alluvial plain. The first platform is today a grazing area for a ranch. The site lies adjacent to the platform edge. The constructions are made on medium size rolling stones. Small circular structures are found only with foundation walls. A massive retention wall is found partially on the edge of platform. The site is about 1 km. long and has a current width of 30 m. The site structures have been widely disturbed by the grazing fields.
SITE MI-5 VIÑA ALTA (N18150 E51650)
SITE MI-12 VIÑA ALTA 2 (N18250 E50700)
These sites are located in the most arid type of soil available in the valley made of crushed lutite stone mixed with a thin layer of soil and a scattered vegetation of low shrubs. They are, however, extremely close to very fertile and flat areas around Site 4. The construction materials for the scattered rectangular constructions of both sites are from the rock bed: lutite slab stone for terraces and rectangular structures of the site. Site MI-5 has a dispersed pattern of structures on the low slopes and flat area of the site. The slopes of the hill have a strong process of erosion -in the form of several and small quebradas. The principal structures are square platforms separated by 50-70 m. with a stone structure on top. Site 12 is located northwest of Site 5 in the same type of soil and identical construction pattern. Site 12 is larger with about 30-40 square and rectangular platform structures also concentrated on the relatively flat hill top and surrounding slopes.
SITE MI-6 PUKARITA (N9050 E42300)
SITE MI-8 PUKARITA BAJO (N8950 E42150)
Pukarita is a fortress is located on a hilltop in the narrow valley gorge that links the Mizque valley to the western Tin Tin area in a very strategic location. The settlement lies on the slopes and top of the rocky hill. On the slopes, there is six levels of 2-2.5 m wide terraces with construction structures in some of them. On the restricted flat hilltop there are rectangular constructions on low platforms surrounding two small open patios. The stone for construction is available on the same hill. The hill side facing the mountain ridge (to the south) is covered with large rocks and constitute a natural barrier from this side. Pukarita Bajo Site 8 is located on a narrow and long alluvial platform adjacent to the riverbed immediately west of the Pukarita hilltop. The area is currently under cultivation and has evidence of stone piles that may have come from the original constructions. There is no evidence of retention walls on the river edge of the platform.
SITE MI-7 TABACAL (N16300 E47050)
The Tabacal site is located on a large plain on the Northwestern side of the Mizque basin. The mountain slopes in this western area are constituted by large plaques of rock with a very thin topsoil. The plain has a wide layer of cobble stones under 20-30 cm. of topsoil. It is an open and mostly grass vegetation area. The area of the site is currently uncultivated. Lower areas of this plain are cultivated under dry farming conditions; or using water from "atajados" (embankment pools), built, however, on highly permeable soils. This site is composed of stone foundation of rectangular structures and stone alignments forming terraces, which make most of the area of the site. Hence the site is mostly visible by the long parallel alignments of stones forming low type terracing along a very low gradient slope but were water runoff is strong. These structures are built with rolling stones found in the upper strata. The distance between the alignments of stones is short: 80-100 cm. Another sector of agricultural constructions is located on the lower slopes of the western hills. These slopes have a very thin topsoil. The terracing of these slopes has indeed avoided the erosion and the depletion of the topsoil. These stone alignments are positioned 1.5 m to 2.5 m apart, for a distance of 80-90 m., and an approximate difference of 50-60 cm between each terrace edge. About 15 stone alignments are built with two rows of unworked stone that is available from the bedrock.
SITE MI-9 MOLLE AGUADA (N16300 E51000)
This site is located on an isolated natural mound north of the town of Mizque in the middle of an area extensively cultivated and with patches of spinous forest. The conservation of the site is poor with only a few foundation walls structured together in an area of 100x80 m., in which there is a major scattering of stones. There is no sherds on surface.
SITE MI-10 POLIGONO (N15650 E53700)
This site is found in an uncultivated area under an extremely dense forest cover. It is located on a upper terrace of the north bank of the Mizque River; the surrounding areas are cultivation lands. Under the vegetation there is cobble-stone circular and rectangular foundation walls. There is no sherds on surface and no evidence of major looting in the site.
SITE MI-11 ESCUELA (N14950 E51400)
This site is located within the town of Mizque. It was identified from the sherds scattered on the dirt soccer field adjacent to the school complex. The density of sherds, however, was low. Further evidence of the subsurface prehistoric occupation was noted in the construction trenches for the school auditorium, where funerary urns were disturbed.
SITE MI-12: see SITE MI-5.
SITES MI-13 and MI-26 COMPLEX LAKATAMBO (N14000 E54000)-CONDADILLO (N13250 E55000)
This is the largest site complex in the Mizque Valley. It is composed of two parts: an upper area called Lakatambo (Site 26) located on one of the levels of a very high ridge, and a lower and very large flat area called Condadillo located on a platform above the alluvial plain and adjacent to the Tipajara River. This latter site is also known as Sauces-Lakatambo [Ibarra 1956; Walter 1966], or San Pedro or La Estación [local population]; Site 13). The two settlement areas are separated by 300 m of slope. The lower Condadillo site is the most destroyed of the valley by burial looters, private properties, agricultural fields and mud pits for the manufacturing of adobes. It is an important multi-occupational site with evidence of six ceramic styles spanning three major chronological periods. The upper area of Lakatambo has only Late Period occupation. The evidence of settlement constructions on the flat platform area is poor. Despite the dimensions of the site there are few examples of foundation walls. They are built with slab stones. This type of construction is found in other sites documented in the basin such as Sites 5 and 12, and in the Lampiña complex (MI 21-22-32). The type of lutite stratified bedrock provides the slabs for this type of construction. The upper area of Lakatambo has a settlement with about 60 structures of which the stone foundations of structures and supporting platforms remain in place. Only one slab stone wall stands about 2 m. high. The organization of the site has large open spaces, the rectangular double platform structure aligned in rows in the site. The construction of platform rows occur also at Chanka Loma (MI 24) and Incahuasi (MI 15) where the same period occupation occurs.
SITE MI-14 TUCMA BAJO (N17150 E56500)
This site is located on the southern tip of a very narrow natural platform running N-S with the Callejas River to its left and the Tucma River to its right. The area is under cultivation with irrigation. The stones remaining from ancient constructions have been removed to built land division walls. Despite the degree of plowing the area is submitted to the density of sherds is extremely low.
SITE MI-15 INCAHUASI (N14200 E48000)
This is the second major site in Mizque. It is located on the western side of the valley close to the Uyuchama River, a river that provides constant water to the valley (most of the current irrigation canals depart from this area). The site is composed of three main parts: the hill slope and top, running E-W; the southern lower plain (with the same orientation), and the northern lower plain (running SE-NW). The hill slope and top areas have the best preserved stone constructions of the site. The constructions begin at middle slope. It is composed of platforms built with retention walls and smaller structures on them. These structures, of mostly rectangular shape, may also stand alone in areas where the slope in not steep. The platforms are built in different levels of the slopes. The flat hill top has a large walled open area with central platforms. The hilltop is bounded by a steep cliff. On the cliff side there are three large terracing walls. The second area is the low gradient slope where most of the looting has been done. It is today forested with spinous trees. Few foundation walls are found in this area. The third area is a open grazing land, some of which is used for dry farming agriculture.
SITE MI-16 TUCMA (N19000 E55000)
This site is located on an isolated long rocky hill flanked by the two rivers that run north-south on the eastern side of the basin: the Callejas and the Tucma rivers. It has very dense evidence of construction with terraces along the slopes, rectangular structures within larger enclosures along the flat spots of the hilltop. It has massive boundary walls at mid-slope surrounding the dense settlement area.
SITE MI-17 LAPIA (N12950 E47400)
This site is located on the upper reaches of a hill whose a western face is a steep cliff that overlooks the Uyuchama River at the confluence with the Mizque Valley. The structures are located on the upper half of the hill where the terracing structures, of 1-1.5 m in height, look like defensive walls. On the top of this hill is a flat area and a set of three thick walls that bound the southern end of the site. The pattern of construction is identical to another hilltop site that also takes advantage of a steep cliff on one of its sides (Site 24, Chanka Loma). Despite the high density of constructions in the site the density of sherds is very low.
SITE MI-18 CALLEJA LOMA BAJA (N16100 E54150)
This site is located (as MI-10) on the flat area of the second platform on the North bank of the valley. There is almost no stone construction on surface. There is evidence of a low degree looting producing sherds on surface. The density of sherds is, however, very low. The area is not cultivated and is currently covered by a dense shrub and tree vegetation.
SITE MI-19 RIO TUCMA (N19250 E54450)
Rio Tucma is located on the eastern slopes of a narrow and long natural platform formed by the Rio Callejas to the west and the Rio Tucma to the east. Few sherds have been found in this site which keeps evidence of the rolling stone construction of small semi-circular terraces on the slope.
SITE MI-20 MAGUEY TOJO (N11400 E54850)
This site is located on the top of a hill, about 120 m above the alluvial plain. It consists of three isolated rectangular constructions of about 20 x 15 m. No pottery was found on surface of this site. They are currently used as goat corrals.
LAMPIÑA COMPLEX: SITE MI-21 LAMPIÑA NORTH (N19650 E47950),
SITE MI-22 LAMPIÑA SOUTH (N19200 E47400),
SITE MI-32 LAMPIÑA WEST (N19000 E46600),
SITE MI-38 LAMPIÑA ALTO (N19150 E45900).
The Lampiña complex, consisting of four separate sites, is located on the higher slopes on the northern side of the survey area. The sites are located on a large and relatively flat area above the valley plain. The rocky soils and the surrounding areas of the sites are used today for dry farming agriculture (e.g., wheat and barley). Lampiña North, Site 21, has a total of four structures of which only foundation stones remain. The structure is composed by a rectangular body with an semicircular addition to one extreme. Lampiña South, Site 22, has the structures with the same type of plant design. Lampiña West, Site 32, is the largest habitation concentration with larger rectangular and circular structures present. The terraces found here are parallel alignments of stones with a distance of about 50-70 cm. between them. The existence of possible agricultural activities in an area that is today totally arid is extremely interesting to evaluate access to crop lands in the past. Finally, Lampiña Alto is located on a isolated meseta about 500 m NW from Site 32. It consists of 30-35 m wide stone alignments for terracing purposes. However, it is an area with very low elevation differences. These stone alignments would have served for water retention and to water erosion.
SITE MI-23 LAPIA SUR (N10800 E48400)
Lapia Sur is located on the lower and middle slopes of a hill that faces east to the Mizque valley. The extensive construction evidence in the site consists mostly in long terracing devices following the contour of the slopes; and whose width depends largely on the extension of portion of flatness within the slope. There is a small number of rectangular structures built on platforms. Large rectangular flat areas (of about 80-100 x 30-40 m) on the same slope are surrounded by retention walls necessary to avoid erosion and formation of small quebradas on the shallow soil layer. Granite round boulder of about 35-45 cm in size are used for constructions. There in no pottery on surface. The site is located adjacent to the alluvial plain with extremely fertile and deep soils.
SITE MI-24 CHANKA LOMA (N13200 E55600)
This site is located on the east bank of the Tipajara River. The hilltop on which this site is located has flat and low gradient south slope and a cliff on the north side. The boundaries of the settlement marked by a middle-slope thick 1.5 m wall preserved with its foundations and first stone row. The other end of the site is bounded naturally by the cliff and is reinforced by a large wall. The hilltop exit of the site is enforced by three thick (2-2.5m) parallel walls. Dubious evidence has been recorded for stone alignments on the lower slopes out of the boundary wall. This site is one of the best preserved in the survey. The principal architectural features are small (1.5-2 m in diameter) and large (4-4.5 m in diameter) circular structures; square structures on platforms juxtaposed in rows; smaller square structures in long rows; and isolated square structures on .5-.8 m high platforms.
SITE MI-25 POJO (N10100 E55350)
This site is located on the west bank of the Tipajara River, south of the Mizque Basin. It has a dense evidence of stone constructions which have been destroyed by goat herding. The distribution of this structures is clustered but no formal plan could be discerned. No sherds are found on the surface of this site.
SITE MI-26: see SITE MI-13.
SITE MI-27 COBRA (N11450 E50050)
This is a site with a low concentration of sherds in restricted area (10 x 15 m.). The area has been eroded by water and has shallow gorges. It probably belongs to the occupation remains of a single structure. The sherds on surface belong exclusively to the Tupuraya style.
SITE MI-28 CAZORLA (N13600 E50700)
This site is located in the middle of the alluvial plain between the Mizque and Uyuchama rivers. It is the only mound-type occupation found in the survey area. The mound is built with a very distinctive light reddish soil that contrasts with the light brown soil of the alluvial plain. No surface sherds were found during this season.
SITE MI-29 PUNCU (N9450 E46300)
This site is located on the upper platforms on the south bank of the Mizque River west of the valley basin. It is currently used for dry farming agriculture. Stone evidence is dispersed on the field along with shard evidence. No major construction has been found in its original place. This site extends up into the slopes where unfortunately stone alignment structures have disturbed.
SITE MI-30 QUEBRADA (N10000 E48500)
This site is located in the intersection of the Mizque and the southwest tributary of the Mizque, the Vicho Vicho River. The site has two major areas of occupation: structures on the slopes of the hill and the flat area overlooking the Mizque River. Much looting, and the railway ditch, have produced high density of sherds on surface on the flat area. Most of the construction evidence is on the hill slopes where small area terraces are found with narrow retention walls composed of a single course of stones. The platforms created with the retention walls allow the construction of rectangular structures of which some foundation walls can be observed. There is little evidence of construction in the flat area since the looting, erosion and earth removal has been very drastic.
SITE MI-31 JUCUMAL (N 8650 E49600)
This is a large site located on the east bank of the Vicho Vicho river about 1.2 km south of the Mizque River. It lies on a large flat low hill and only foundation walls can be documented on surface. In addition, part of the site is used as agricultural fields.
SITE MI-32: see SITE MI-21.
SITE MI-33 HIERBA BUENA (N10850 E56900)
This site is located in an area with low to medium shrub vegetation. It consists in five rectangular structures made of unworked stones and presents no sherds on surface.
SITE MI-34 MUYULOMA BAJO (N11500 E50600)
This site and the two next ones are located on the separated spots on the lower and upper slopes of the mountain range that defines the southern limit of the survey area. This site is found on the tip of the lower piedmont platforms. Foundation walls of domestic structures are found on the lower edge of the platform. The site extends 500 m from the tip up the slope where there is extensive evidence of stone alignments for terracing purposes. No wall foundations are found in the area of the terraces.
SITE MI-35 MUYULOMA ALTO (N11700 E51150)
This site is located in the mid slopes around a large rocky summit. There is a large flat central area that has a delimiting wall. The main settlement lies on a spot that overlooks the valley and where structures are located around natural rocks. A third area of the site has six low stone alignments. There is no sherds on surface in any of the three areas of this site.
SITE MI-36 MOJETILLAS (N12200 E52150)
This site is composed exclusively of stone alignments on the medium gradient slopes of the southern range of the Mizque Basin. The area is densely forested. The surface is covered with unworked stones but the alignments are discernible in this surface cover. There is an average distance of 80-100 cm between each alignment. The closest habitation site to this complex is Site 35 and some smaller sites located on the lower slopes of this mountain range, that were not recorded in the survey blocks.
SITE MI-37 POZA (N13750 E47300)
This site is located on the north bank of the Uyuchama River, 750 m. west from the Mizque Valley. It is a small site composed of stone alignments on a medium gradient slope. Stone walls are not higher than a single row as a foundation. Small rectangular structures are found at the margins of these terraces. Sherds are mostly collected on surface in the area of terraces.
SITE MI-38: see SITE MI-21.
SITE MI-39 SAUCES (N13500 E53150)
This site was first documented by Ibarra. It is located northwest of the complex Lakatambo-Condadillo (Sites 13 & 26) on a small hill adjacent to the alluvial plain of the Mizque River. The size of the settlement is reduced and has been severely looted by the railway, by the Hacienda Sauces, and looters. Few stone foundations remain in place in the site, which is dominated by looter pits and a heavy process of erosion.
SITE MI-40 PASCUAL (N14850 E51500)
This site is located in the urban area of Mizque in the courtyard of Pascual Morales small hotel. The site is concentrated to the area of the house and few remains are found in the surrounding streets and backyard. The mouth of a large jar is observed on surface. This cluster is presumably part of a Formative settlement since it lies in the same area (E-W oriented) as the San Agustin convent (Site 1) and the school (Site 11).
(End of appendix H)