PREHISPANIC SETTLEMENT AND LAND USE IN COCHABAMBA, BOLIVIA. 
University of Pittsburgh 1996

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
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Abstract, Preface, and Acknowledgements

LIST OF TABLES

    Table 1...Distribution of survey quadrats by topographic zone in the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Table 2...Distribution of survey quadrats by soil classes vs. topographic zone in the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Table 3...Distribution of survey quadrats by topographic zone in the Mizque survey area.
    Table 4...Distribution of survey quadrats by soil classes vs. topographic zone in the Mizque survey area.
    Table 5...Occupation area by sites in the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Table 6...Occupation area by sites in the Mizque survey area.
    Table 7...Estimated total occupation area by period for the Capinota-Parotani and Mizque survey area.
    Table 8...Occupation area by period and percentages, by topographic and soil group zones in the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Table 9...Mean occupation area and error range by survey quadrat, estimated total occupation area by period, and percentage of occupation by topographic zones in the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Table 10...Mean occupation area and error range by survey quadrat, estimated total occupation area by period, and percentage of occupation by soil group zones in the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Table 11...Occupation area by period and percentages, by topographic and soil group zones in the Mizque survey area.
    Table 12...Mean occupation area and error range by survey quadrat, estimated total occupation area by period, and percentage of occupation by topographic zones in the Mizque survey area.
    Table 13...Mean occupation area and error range by survey quadrat, estimated total occupation area by period, and percentage of occupation by soil group zones in the Mizque survey area.
    Table 14...Summary of the statistical analysis for the two survey areas.

LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure 1...The Cochabamba Valley study region and sub-valley units, with location of survey areas.
    Figure 2...Archaeological sites previously recorded in the Cochabamba region.
    Figure 3...Chronological periods and ceramic styles in the Capinota-Parotani and Mizque survey areas.
    Figure 4...Formative Period pottery from the research areas; cont'd.
    Figure 5...Parroquia, Mojocoya and Sauces (cont'd) styles pottery from the research areas.
    Figure 6...Tupuraya style pottery from the research areas; cont'd.
    Figure 7...Cochabamba, Gray Ware, and Omereque Karaparial (cont'd) and Omereque Policromo (cont'd) style pottery from the research areas.
    Figure 8...Tiwanaku style pottery from the research areas; cont'd; cont'd; cont'd.
    Figure 9...Ciaco style pottery from the research areas; cont'd.
    Figure 10...Yampara style pottery from the research areas; cont'd.
    Figure 11...Mizque Lakatambo pottery from the research areas; cont'd.
    Figure 12...Key for color codes.
    Figure 13...Environmental features in the Capinota-Parotani survey area and neighboring areas.
    Figure 14...Geological and physiographic features in the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Figure 15...Vegetation in the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Figure 16...Topographic zones in the Capinota-Parotani survey area, with quadrat sample.
    Figure 17...Soil group zones in the Capinota-Parotani survey area, with quadrat sample.
    Figure 18...Climatic features in the Mizque basin.
    Figure 19...Hydrological data of the Mizque survey area.
    Figure 20...Geological units in the Mizque survey area.
    Figure 21...Topographic zones in the Mizque survey area, with quadrat sample.
    Figure 22...Soil group zones in the Mizque survey area, with quadrat sample.
    Figure 23...Sites recorded in the Capinota-Parotani survey area with site numbers: northern portion and southern portion.
    Figure 24...Sites recorded in the Mizque survey area with site numbers: northern portion and southern portion.
    Figure 25...Lot collections distribution in the northern zone of the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Figure 26...Lot collections distribution in the central zone of the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Figure 27...Lot collections distribution in the southern zone of the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Figure 28...Lot collections distribution in the northwestern zone of the Mizque survey area.
    Figure 29...Lot collections distribution in the northeastern zone of the Mizque survey area.
    Figure 30...Lot collections distribution in the southwestern and southeastern zone of the Mizque survey area.
    Figure 31...Formative Period lot collections in the Capinota-Parotani survey area: northern portion and southern portion.
    Figure 32...Tupuraya and Mojocoya styles (Early Intermediate Period) in lot collections in the Capinota-Parotani survey area: northern portion and southern portion.
    Figure 33...Tiwanaku, Omereque and Gray Ware styles (Intermediate Period) in lot collections in the Capinota-Parotani survey area: northern portion and southern portion.
    Figure 34...Ciaco, Late Utilitarian, Pacajes and Inka styles (Late Period) in lot collections in the northern portion of the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Figure 35...Ciaco, Late Utilitarian, Pacajes and Inka styles (Late Period) in lot collections in the southern portion of the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Figure 36...Formative Period lot collections in the Mizque survey area.
    Figure 37...Sauces, Tupuraya, Mojocoya, and Gray Ware styles (Early Intermediate Period) in lot collections in the Mizque survey area.
    Figure 38...Tiwanaku, Omereque and Gray Ware styles (Intermediate Period) in lot collections in the Mizque survey area.
    Figure 39...Yampara, Late Utilitarian, Gray Ware, Mizque Lakatambo, Ciaco, Presto Puno, and Inka styles (Late Period) in lot collections in the Mizque survey area: northern portion and southern portion.
    Figure 40...Comparison of percentages of occupation by period, by topographic and soil group zones, in the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Figure 41...Comparison of estimated total occupation size in the two survey areas.
    Figure 42...Comparison of percentages of occupation by topographic and soil group zones, ordered by period in the Capinota-Parotani survey area.
    Figure 43...Comparison of percentages of occupation by period, by topographic and soil group zones, in the Mizque survey area.
    Figure 44...Comparison of percentages of occupation by topographic and soil group zones, ordered by period in the Mizque survey area.
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION
    Territorial expansion of Andean states
    Approaches to interregional interaction
    Approaches to prehispanic verticality
    Research questions
    Models for the political organization of the Cochabamba Valleys
CHAPTER 2. ARCHAEOLOGICAL BACKGROUND
    The chronological sequence in Cochabamba
    The Formative Period
    The Early Intermediate Period
    The Intermediate Period
    The Late Period
    Previous research on the Tiwanaku polity
    Climate and cultural development
    Tiwanaku settlement patterns and spatial organization
    Territorial expansion of the Tiwanaku polity
    Subsistence and maize in the Tiwanaku polity
    Tiwanaku expansion to Cochabamba: the arguments
    Summary
CHAPTER 3. ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING
    The Capinota-Parotani survey area
      Climate
      Geology
      Vegetation
      Soil classification
      Topography and soils
    The Mizque survey area
      Climate
      Geology
      Vegetation
      Topography and soils
    Summary
CHAPTER 4. FIELD STRATEGY AND ANALYSIS PROCEDURES
    Objectives of the field strategy
    Settlement survey methodologies: a review
    Random sampling survey strategy
    Terminology
    Survey procedures
      Definition of the survey areas
      Determination of the sample size
      Survey strategy
      Spatial analysis of settlement and soil patterns
      Surface collections and ceramic analysis methodology
CHAPTER 5. SETTLEMENT PATTERNS AND OCCUPATIONAL SEQUENCE IN THE CAPINOTA-PAROTANI SURVEY AREA
    The Formative Period
    The Early Intermediate Period
    The Intermediate Period
    The Late Period
    Summary: The Capinota-Parotani survey area sequence
CHAPTER 6. SETTLEMENT PATTERNS AND OCCUPATIONAL SEQUENCE IN THE MIZQUE SURVEY AREA
    The Formative Period
    The Early Intermediate Period
    The Intermediate Period
    The Late Period
    Summary: The Mizque survey area sequence
CHAPTER 7. CONCLUSIONS: INTERPRETING DIACHRONIC CHANGES IN LAND USE AND AGRICULTURAL EXPLOITATION IN THE COCHABAMBA REGION
    Comparison of land use patterns in the Capinota-Parotani and Mizque survey areas
    The effects of interregional interaction: modeling political organization from land use and settlement patterns
    Summary: Prehispanic Settlement and Land Use & Directions for Future Research

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDICES

    APPENDIX A. TABULATION OF SURVEY QUADRATS DATA FOR THE CAPINOTA-PAROTANI SURVEY AREA
    APPENDIX B. TABULATION OF SURVEY QUADRATS DATA FOR THE MIZQUE SURVEY AREA
    APPENDIX C. TABLES OF CAPINOTA-PAROTANI SURVEY AREA SITE FEATURES
    APPENDIX D. TABLES OF MIZQUE SURVEY AREA SITE FEATURES
    APPENDIX E. TABULATION OF SOIL FEATURES BY SURVEY QUADRATS FOR THE CAPINOTA-PAROTANI SURVEY AREA
    APPENDIX F. TABULATION OF SOIL FEATURES BY SURVEY QUADRATS FOR THE MIZQUE SURVEY AREA
    APPENDIX G. CAPINOTA-PAROTANI SURVEY AREA SITE DESCRIPTIONS
    APPENDIX H. MIZQUE SURVEY AREA SITE DESCRIPTIONS

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