The Late Horizon

© Alvaro Higueras

Definition This is the time when the Inka society becomes an empire that spans from southern Colombia to middle Chile, dominating about 5000 kilometers in the Andean range. It is the last period of the native Andean historical sequence, and it will be the shortest onelasting for about 60 to 70 years. The Inka society will create a complex administrative system to manage the extensive lands and diverse peoples under its power. They will use administrative devices such as quipus (knotted strings), administrative sites, storage centers, a complex network of roads, and massive population movements. (Some of these devices may have been used earlier in the societies of the Middle Horizon, but the evidence in unclear.)

In the artistic realm they will prefer an iconography that is dominated by geometric patterns, and will not use any previous Andean icon (be it the feline or the staffed god). It is the prehistoric period for which most oral and written information exists, as many of the Spanish priests and soldiers that arrived with Francisco Pizarro wrote several chronicles on the organization of the empire, its lore, its kings, and its religion.
Time frame After the Late Intermediate Period and before the Conquest Period.
Location of Inka sites and expansion stages

See also the Flash resource


Vea también estos recursos Flash:

Spatial Organization of the Inca City of Cuzco, Flash module by

Qhapaq Ñan: Inca Road System, Flash module by

Andean Irrigation: The Highlands, Flash module by

Pachacamac and Inca Occupation, Flash module by
Links to other periods
Preceramic Period Initial Period Formative Period
Early Intermediate Period Middle Horizon Late Intermediate Period
Andean and Tiwanaku Archaeology Page

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